ADHD can affect learning and development from a very young age. Child Find, public school systems, some private schools and even colleges and universities are required to help students with ADHD and other disabilities rise to meet educational challenges.
Children with all three presentations of ADHD, predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive, and combined presentation, may face many challenges in a traditional school setting and may qualify for educational services and accommodations. Two laws in particular, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, are specifically designed to ensure that students with disabilities receive equal access to education and school activities. Both acts guarantee a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) to all children, regardless of ability. From simple accommodations to special education services in typical classrooms with supplemental services, the laws are in place to provide valuable services to eligible children with disabilities.
Some children qualify for educational supports under IDEA, other under Section 504, and sometimes both laws apply. The infographic below helps describe the differences between these two laws, how eligibility is determined for children with ADHD, and the types of support received under each.